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GALLIENUS 253-268 AD

 
 
GALLIENUS - ANTONINIANO - GALLIENVS AVG / APOLLINI CONS AVG (267-268 d.C)
RO.IR.RIC165.01
65,00 €

ANTONINIANO EM BOLHÃO ANO 267 A 268 d.C

Legenda do verso: GALLIENVS AVG

Legenda do reverso: APOLLINI CONS AVG


Gallienvs - Antoniniano APOLLINI CONS AVG / GALLIENVS AVG

A cunhagem de Antoniniano 21mm (3,16 gramas) atribuída a cerca de 267-268 dC, de Roma, é a atual cidade da Itália.


Referências Internacionais Primárias de Vários Catálogos: RIC 165; Goebl 0718, Sear, RSC 77, Cohen (Ver pois existem várias variantes)


 GALLIENVS AVG, cabeça do imperador à direita
 APOLLINI CONS AVG, o grifo Gryphon andando à esquerda, "?" em exergo

APOLLINI CONS AVG - APOLLINI CONS. AVG. (Para Apolo, preservador do imperador.) - Em moedas de bolhão de Gallienus.

O nome e a imagem do deus do sol eram freqüentemente exibidos nas moedas de Roma.

APOLLINI CONS. AVG. - Um centauro segurando um globo em uma mão e um leme na outra, ou um centauro prestes a atirar uma flecha. - Em moedas de billon e ases de Gallienus. Por que o centauro é empregado em associação com Apolo só pode ser explicado para aludir ao mito que atribuiu o centauro Quíron como o tutor de Apolo, que foi o primeiro a ensinar-lhe o uso medicinal de ervas. O significado exato do globo e do leme é mais obscuro, mas deve aludir a Galiano dirigindo o estado. Há também uma moeda de Tetricus Junior com um centauro para o seu tipo e a epígrafe SOLI CONSERV.

Em outro billon antoninianus de Gallienus com esta mesma lenda é um grifo. Segundo Filóstrato, o grifo era sagrado para Apolo ou Sol. Nas moedas de Aureliópolis na Lídia, grifos são representados desenhando a carruagem do sol.


Breve história do Imperador:

GALIENOPVBLIVS LICINIVS EGNATIVS GALLIENVS

Imperador do ano 253 d.C. a ano 268 d.C.

Nasceu no ano 218 d.C. morreu no ano 268 d.C.

Reinou durante 15 anos.Casou com Salonina.Pai de Valeriano II, Salonino e Júlio Galieno.


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Gallienvs - Antoninianus APOLLINI CONS AVG / GALLIENVS AVG

Antoninianus 21mm (3,16 grams) coinage attributed to circa 267-268 A.D, of  Rome is the present city of Italy.


Primary International References of Various Catalogs: RIC 165; Goebl 0718, Sear  
RSC 77, Cohen  (See please as there are several variants)


 GALLIENVS AVG, Radiate head right
 APOLLINI CONS AVG, the griffin  Gryphon walking left, ? in exergue

APOLLINI CONS AVG APOLLINI CONS. AVG. (To Apollo, preserver of the Emperor.) -- On billon coins of Gallienus.

The name and the image of the sun god were frequently displayed on the coins of Rome.

APOLLINI CONS. AVG. - A Centaur holding a globe in one hand and a rudder in the other, or a Centaur about to shoot an arrow. -- On billon coins and ases of Gallienus. Why the centaur is employed in association with Apollo can only be explained to allude to the myth that assigned the Centaur Chiron as the tutor of Apollo who was the first to teach him the medicinal use of herbs. The exact meaning of the globe and rudder are more obscure but must allude to Gallienus steering the state. There is also a coin of Tetricus Junior with a centaur for its type and the epigraph SOLI CONSERV.

On another billon antoninianus of Gallienus with this same legend is a griffin. According to Philostratus, the griffin was sacred to Apollo or Sol. On coins of Aureliopolis in Lydia, griffins are represented drawing the chariot of the Sun.  

 

Gallienus - Roman Emperor : 253-268 A.D 

Gallienus "Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus" Born 218AD Died September 268 (aged 50), also known as Gallien,[2] was Roman Emperor with his father Valerian from 22 October 253 to spring 260 and alone from spring 260 to September 268. He ruled during the Crisis of the Third Century that nearly caused the collapse of the empire. While he won a number of military victories, he was unable to prevent the secession of important provinces. His 15-year reign was the longest since the 19-year rule of Caracalla.

Born into a wealthy and traditional senatorial family, Gallienus was the son of Valerian and Mariniana. Valerian became Emperor on 22 October 253 and had the Roman senate elevate Gallienus to the ranks of Caesar and Augustus. Valerian divided the empire between him and his son, with Valerian ruling the east and his son the west. Gallienus defeated the usurper Ingenuus in 258 and destroyed an Alemanni army at Mediolanum in 259.

The defeat and capture of Valerian at Edessa in 260 by the Sasanian Empire threw the Roman Empire into the chaos of civil war. Control of the whole empire passed to Gallienus. He defeated the eastern usurpers Macrianus Major Mussius Aemilianus in 261–262 but failed to stop the formation of the breakaway Gallic Empire under general Postumus. Aureolus, another usurper, proclaimed himself emperor in Mediolanum in 268 but was defeated outside the city by Gallienus and besieged inside. While the siege was ongoing, Gallienus was stabbed to death by the officer Cecropius as part of a conspiracy.

IMP. ROMANO

COMPENDIO DE LAS MONEDAS DEL IMPERIO ROMANO